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BRICS-lande med flere grønne løfter på topmøde

Det 9. topmøde i sammenslutning af vækstøkonomier, BRICS-landene, mundede ud i en erklæring, der lover troskab mod den globale klimaaftale og FN’s verdensmål, bekæmpelse af forurening og illegal handel med truede dyrearter i Afrika samt beskyttelse af naturmangfoldighed.

President of Russia (CC BY 4.0)

Lederne af de helt store vækstøkonomier har netop afholdt stormøde i Xiamen, Kina. 

Det var det 9. topmøde mellem de såkaldte BRICS-lande, som består af Brasilien, Indien, Kina, Rusland og Sydafrika. 

Topmødet mundede ud i en erklæring, der bl.a. rummer principper for økonomisk samarbejde, fred og sikkerhed samt globalt samarbejde.

Det blev oså til flere grønne løfter i teksten, der har fået navnet Xiamen-erklæringen.

De fem vækstgiganter lover at kæmpe for at opnå FN''s verdensmål, overholde den globale klimaaftale, Paris-aftalen, samt bekæmpe forurening og styrke den naturlige mangfoldighed (biodiversitet). 

Der bliver også udtrykt støtte til Kina som værtsland for den vigtige konference om biodiversitet i 2020, hvor verdens nationer forventes at vedtage nye naturmål, da de den hidtige køreplan - Aichi-målene - udløber netop dette år. 

Lederne fra de fem lande udtrykte ligeledes bekyrming over illegal handel med truede dyr i Afrika og lover at gøre en indsats for at bremse den. 

Her de centrale grønne elementer i erklæringen: 

14. We reaffirm our commitment to fully implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. We will also advocate equitable, open, all-round, innovation-driven and inclusive development, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions -economic, social and environmental-in a balanced and integrated manner. We support the important role of the United Nations, including the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF), in coordinating and reviewing global implementation of the 2030 Agenda, and support the need to reform the UN Development System with a view to enhancing its capability in supporting Member States in implementing the 2030 Agenda. We urge developed countries to honor their Official Development Assistance commitments in time and in full and provide more development resources to developing countries.

15. Underlining the strategic importance of energy to economic development, we commit to strengthen BRICS cooperation on energy. We recognize that sustainable development, energy access, and energy security are critical to the shared prosperity and future of the planet. We acknowledge that clean and renewable energy needs to be affordable to all. We will work to foster open, flexible and transparent markets for energy commodities and technologies. We will work together to promote most effective use of fossil fuels and wider use of gas, hydro and nuclear power, which will contribute to the transformation toward a low emissions economy, better energy access, and sustainable development. In this regard, we underline the importance of predictability in accessing technology and finance for expansion of civil nuclear energy capacity which would contribute to sustainable development in BRICS countries. We encourage continued dialogue on the establishment of a BRICS Energy Research Cooperation Platform and urge relevant entities to continue to promote joint research on energy cooperation and energy efficiency.

16. We commit to further promote green development and low-carbon economy, in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication, enhance BRICS cooperation on climate change and expand green financing. We call upon all countries to fully implement the Paris Agreement adopted under the principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) including the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and urge developed countries to provide financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing countries to enhance their capability in mitigation and adaptation.

17. Stressing the importance of environmental cooperation to sustainable development of our countries and the well-being of our peoples, we agree to take concrete actions to advance result-oriented cooperation in such areas as prevention of air and water pollution, waste management and biodiversity conservation. We recognize the importance of an environmentally sound technology platform and of improving urban environmental sustainability, and support BRICS joint efforts in this regard. Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa appreciate and support China's hosting of the meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2020.

18. Noting the fruitful agricultural cooperation over the past years, we recognize the unique characteristics and complementarity of BRICS countries in agricultural development and vast cooperation potential in this area. In this connection, we agree to deepen cooperation in the five priority areas such as food security and nutrition, adaptation of agriculture to climate change, agricultural technology cooperation and innovation, agricultural trade and investment, and ICT application in agriculture to contribute to stable global agricultural growth and achievement of Sustainable Development Goals. We welcome the establishment in India of the Coordination Center of BRICS Agriculture Research Platform, a virtual network which will facilitate addressing these priority areas.

19. We express concern over the challenges faced by the African continent in achieving independent and sustainable development and in wildlife conservation. We reaffirm our commitment to strengthen cooperation with Africa and help the continent to address illegal wildlife trade, promote employment, food security, infrastructure development and industrialization including through connectivity and developmental initiatives and projects. We reaffirm our strong support for African Union's implementation of its various programs under Agenda 2063 in pursuit of its continental agenda for peace and socio-economic development.

Læs hele erklæringen i nedenstående link.