NGO: Oprindelige folks rettigheder skal med i traktat om biodiversitet

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Betegnelsen “oprindelige og lokale befolkninger” bør ændres til “oprindelige folk” i international traktat om biodiversitet, da den så vil binde parterne til at overholde rettigheder for traditionelle stammefolk, skriver Forest People Programme tirsdag.

The text of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the decisions of the Conference of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies use the phrase ‘indigenous and local communities’.

At its ninth session in 2010, the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) called upon the parties to the CBD “to adopt the terminology ‘indigenous peoples and local communities’, as an accurate reflection of the distinct identities developed by those entities since the adoption of the Convention almost 20 years ago.”

At its tenth session in 2011, the UNPFII further stated that “Affirmation of the status of indigenous peoples as “peoples” is important in fully respecting and protecting their human rights”.[2]

However, despite these recommendations, the CBD still continues to use the term ‘indigenous and local communities’.

In October 2012, at the 7th Working Group on Article 8(j) (WG8(j)-7) and at the 11th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP11) to the CBD, several Parties stated that they were in favour of updating the terminology, however, eventually it was decided (in Decision XI/14) to postpone further discussions and to further consider this matter, and all its implications for the CBD and its Parties, at the next WG8(j) (taking place this month) and at COP12 in 2014.[3]

In Decision XI/14, Parties and others were invited to communicate their views to the Secretariat on the use of the term “indigenous peoples and local communities”.

Submissions were received from four Parties and in excess of one hundred indigenous and non-governmental organisations.

All the views received are summarised in the official meeting document UNEP/CBD/WG8J/8/8. A full compilation of submissions is made available as UNEP/CBD/WG8J/8/INF/10/ADD1, to assist the Working Group in its discussions over the coming weeks.

The various submissions emphasise that use of the preferred term “indigenous peoples and local communities” is linked to the right of identity, and that the term “peoples” has a particular legal status and all “peoples” have the right of self-determination.

However, at the end of document UNEP/CBD/WG8J/8/8, the draft recommendation for consideration by the WG8(j)-8 is just for COP12 to adopt a decision to note the recommendations arising from the eleventh and twelfth sessions of the UNPFII and request the Secretariat to continue to inform the UNPFII on developments of mutual interest; but nothing about using the term indigenous peoples.

It is truly hoped that there will be serious discussions on the matter during the WG8(j)-8 meetings and that a strong recommendation on the terminology will still be added.

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